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About Czech republic

 

Land

Founded: 1 January 1993 (following the split of Czechoslovakia)

The Czech Republic shares its borders with Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Poland.

The Czech Republic and its capital offer many protected cultural monuments, cities and villages. Some of them are on the UNESCO list of world cultural and natural heritage sites: in addition to Prague’s historic centre, there are also Český Krumlov, Telč, Kutná Hora, the pilgrimage church of Saint John Nepomuk at Zelená hora, the Lednice-Valtice cultural landscape, the gardens and castle in Kroměříž, the south Bohemian village of Holašovice, Litomyšl – Renaissance castle and historic city centre, Olomouc – Holy Trinity Column, Brno – villa Tugendhat, Třebíč – Jewish Quarter and St Procopius Basilica.

The highest mountain in the Czech Republic is Sněžka (1,602 metre). Another mountains is Jeseníky. The longest rivers are the Elbe and Vltava.

Spas

Czech spa towns do not invite visitors for rest and relaxation alone. Guests above all receive high quality medical care here. Modern medical facilities offer exclusive relaxation thanks to a combination of modern techniques and traditional, tried and tested wisdom! Which of the dozens of Czech spas will you choose? Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně, Františovy Lázně, Lednice Spa,...

Language

The Czech language belongs to the group of West Slavic languages. From another perspective, Czech is an inflectional language, which means that the words “inflect” (their endings change). The meaning a given word has in a sentence is primarily determined according to this inflection.

To survive you just need to say:

  • Hello /Dobrý den/ (DOH-bree dehn)
  • Thank you /Děkuji/ (Dyekooyih)
  • Goodbye /Na shledanou/ (NAHSH-leh-dah-noh)

or just address your wish in English or German.

Czech cuisine

Czech cuisine offers many different kinds of soup. The most common are bramboračka (potato soup), česnečka (strong garlic soup), kulajda (thick soup with forest mushrooms and milk).

The second dish (main course) of a meal is the famous heavy and fatty part, very often based on pork but also beefchickenduck, or other meat. The important part of most main courses is the side-dish (the whole dish including the side-dish is served on one plate) which are usually boiled or baked potatoes, fries, rice, pasta or the most typical side-dish of the Czech cuisine—knedlíky (dumplings). Dumplings are served with Czech classics such as guláš, similar to Hungarian goulash but with a thinner sauce and less spicy; Svíčková na smetaně, beef sirloin with a creamy root vegetable (carrot, celeriac, parsnip) sauce, served with a tablespoon of cranberry sauce, a slice of orange and whipped cream;  Vepřo-knedlo-zelo, a combination of roast pork, dumplings and sauerkraut. The latter combines very well with a world-famous Czech beer which include Pilsner Urquell, Gambrinus, Budvar (known as Czechvar in the US), Staropramen, Velkopopovický Kozel and Krušovice. If you are lucky enough to enter a pub serving Svijany, you should definitely order it as it is believed to be one of the most delicious brands worldwide.

An excellent Czech beer is some of the best examples of traditional Czech cuisine.

Economy

The Economy of the Czech Republic is a developed export-oriented social market economy based in services, industry, manufacturing and innovation, that maintains a high-income welfare state. The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union, but uses its own currency, the Czech koruna, instead of the euro. While the automotive industry is the Czech Republic’s largest industry, other key sectors in the region include machinery, iron and steel production, metallurgy, chemical production, electronics, transport equipment, textiles, glass, ceramics, defence and pharmaceuticals.

The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union, but uses its own currency, the Czech koruna, instead of the euro.

Climate

The climate of the Czech Republic can be described as typical European continental influenced climate with warm, dry summers and fairly cold winters. Average high temperature in the summer is from 20 °C  to 25 °C (highest July - August 30°C or more) and average low temperature in the winter is 0 °C to −7 °C.

For more information about Czech Republic visit: www.czechtourism.com

Most famous descendants of Czech republic

  • Ján Hus, Theologian
  • Bedrich Smetana, famous composer, opera “The Bartered Bride”
  • Emil Zatopek, world record breaking long distance runner, eighteen world records
  • Antonín Dvořák, the greatest Czech and Romantic composer of all time
  • Miloš Forman, Czech film director, screenwriter, actor
  • Madeleine Albright, Czechoslovakian-born American politician and diplomat
  • Václav Havel, writer, philosopher, dissident, and statesman; the first President of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003
  • Gerty Cori, Nobel Prize in science in 1947 for the discovery of the mechanism „Cori cycle“
  • Ferdinand Porsche,  automotive engineer and founder of the Porsche car company
  • Alfonz Mucha, painter